Process technology with liquid metals
At the Karlsruhe Liquid Metal Laboratory (KALLA), liquid metals are used for chemical processes at temperatures beyond 1000° C. Because of their excellent heat transfer properties, but also other characteristics such as a relatively high density, which is beneficial for certain separation effects, liquid metals particularly qualify as heat transfer and process fluid. The currently investigated application fields of liquid metals in process technology at KALLA include the CO2-free production of hydrogen by thermochemical cracking of methane in liquid tin and the use of vaporous sodium as a catalyst in the water-free production of formaldehyde for synthetic fuels. The combination of methane pyrolysis with further process steps for the production of carbon black from atmospheric CO2 is an example of a process chain in which so-called Negative Emissions Technologies (NET) serve as the basis for valuable products.
At KALLA the reaction mechanisms of high temperature processes with liquid metals are tested at lab and pilot scale. Research focus is, among others, the heat transfer mechanisms in the liquid metal flow, bubble and fluid dynamics in liquid metal bubble columns, reaction kinetics and the analysis of reaction products – such as the highly pure carbon from the methane pyrolysis.
Relevant references: more
Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Abánades, A.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R., Rubbia, C. Salmieri, D., Stoppel, L., Stückrad, S., Weisenburger, A., Wenninger, H., Wetzel, T. (2015).
Experimental investigation and thermo-chemical modeling of methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed, Int J Hydrogen Energy 40 (41), 14134–14146.
Geißler, T., Abánades, A., Heinzel, A., Mehravaran, K., Müller, G., Rathnam, R., Rubbia, C. Salmieri, D., Stoppel, L., Stückrad, S., Weisenburger, A., Wenninger, H., Wetzel, T. (2016).
Hydrogen production via methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed, Chem. Eng. J. 299, 192–200.
Plevan, M., Geißler, T., Abánades, A., Mehravaran, K., Rathnam, R., Rubbia, C. (2015).
Thermal cracking of methane in a liquid metal bubble column reactor: Experiments and kinetic analysis, Int J Hydrogen Energy 40 (25), 8020–8033.
|Dr.-Ing. Leonid Stoppel||Dr.-Ing. Klarissa Niedermeier||Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Wetzel|
|Tel. 0721/608-26631||Tel. 0721/608-26902||Tel. 0721/608-46447|