Publications


2021
Thermophysical properties of the near eutectic liquid Ga-In-Sn alloy.
Laube, T.; Emmendörfer, F.; Dietrich, B.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2021, November 19. doi:10.5445/IR/1000140052
Experimental results from a high heat flux solar furnace with a molten metal-cooled receiver SOMMER.
Müller-Trefzer, F.; Niedermeier, K.; Fellmoser, F.; Flesch, J.; Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2021. Solar energy, 221, 176–184. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2021.03.066
Experimentelle Bestimmung des Wärmeübergangs in turbulenten Flüssigmetallströmungen bei komplexen thermischen Randbedingungen.
Laube, T.; Dietrich, B.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2021. Jahrestreffen der ProcessNet-Fachgruppen Fluidverfahrenstechnik und Wärme- und Stoffübertragung (2021), Online, February 24–26, 2021
Experimental set-up for the production of formaldehyde using sodium vapour.
Kamienowska, M.; Niedermeier, K.; Stoppel, L.; Bender, M.; Wetzel, T.
2021. 13th European Congress of Chemical Engineering (ECCE 13) & 6th European Congress of Applied Biotechnology (ECAB 6 2021), Online, September 20–23, 2021
Concentrating Solar Power with Liquid Metals as Heat Transfer Fluids.
Fellmoser, F.; Flesch, J.; Daubner, M.; Müller-Trefzer, F.; Pacio, J.; Niedermeier, K.; Stoppel, L.; Piecha, H.; Uhlenbruck, N.; Wittemann, K.; Wetzel, T.
2021. Annual Report 2019 of the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, 35–37, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Experimental investigations of a dual-media thermal energy storage system with liquid metals.
Müller-Trefzer, F.; Niedermeier, K.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.
2021. 15th International Conference on Renewable Energy Storage (IRES 2021), Online, March 16–18, 2021
2020
LES of turbulent aided mixed convection to a low Prandtl number fluid in a concentric annulus.
Marocco, L.; Dietrich, B.; Wetzel, T.; Eckel, A.-M.
2020. 38th International Conference on Heat and Mass Transfer (2020), Gaeta, Italy, June 24–26, 2020
Synthesis of anhydrous formaldehyde.
Kamienowska, M.; Stoppel, L.; Niedermeier, K.; Bender, M.; Wetzel, T.
2020. Jahrestreffen der ProcessNet-Fachgruppe Wärme- und Stoffübertragung (2020), Erfurt, Germany, March 12–13, 2020
High-temperature storage with liquid metals - Design of a prototype storage system and material testing.
Niedermeier, K.; Müller-Trefzer, F.; Weisenburger, A.; Wetzel, T.
2020. 2nd International Workshop on Carnot Batteries (2020), Stuttgart, Germany, September 15–16, 2020
Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage with Liquid Metal.
Niedermeier, K.; Müller-Trefzer, F.; Daubner, M.; Marocco, L.; Weisenburger, A.; Wetzel, T.
2020. 26th SolarPACES (2020), Online, September 28–October 2, 2020
Entropy generation minimization analysis of solar salt, sodium, and lead–bismuth eutectic as high temperature heat transfer fluids.
Flesch, J.; Marocco, L.; Fritsch, A.; Niedermeier, K.; Wetzel, T.
2020. Journal of heat transfer, 142 (4), Article: 042103. doi:10.1115/1.4046302
Thermodynamic Analysis of High‐Temperature Energy Storage Concepts Based on Liquid Metal Technology.
Laube, T.; Marocco, L.; Niedermeier, K.; Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2020. Energy technology, 8 (3), Article no: 1900908. doi:10.1002/ente.201900908
2019
Carbon dioxide free production of hydrogen.
Stoppel, L.; Fehling, T.; Geißler, T.; Baake, E.; Wetzel, T.
2019. Annual Report 2017-2018 of the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies. Ed.: T. Schulenberg, 43–56, KIT Scientific Publishing
Inter-Wrapper Flow: LBE Experiments and Simulations [in press].
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Uitslag-Doolaards, H.; Mathur, A.; Roelofs, F.
2019. 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18), Portland, Oregon, USA, August 18-23, 2019., 796–809, ANS
Experimental study of the influence of inter-wrapper flow on liquid-metal cooled fuel assemblies.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Wetzel, T.
2019. Nuclear engineering and design, 352, Art. Nr.: 110145. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.06.007
Non-nuclear applications of HLMs.
Pacio, J.; Stoppel, L.; Wetzel, T.
2019. Heavy Metal Summer School (2019), Mol, Belgium, June 17–21, 2019
High-temperature thermal energy storage concepts based on liquid metal technology.
Pacio, J.; Niedermeier, K.; Wetzel, T.
2019. Eurotherm Seminar 112 : Advances in Thermal Energy Storage (2019), Lleida, Spanien, May 15–17, 2019
Inter-Wrapper Flow: LBE Experiments and Simulations.
Pacio, J. C.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Mathur, A.; Uitslag-Doolaard, H.; Roelofs, F.
2019. 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH 2019), Portland, OR, USA, August 18–23, 2019
High temperature thermal energy storage with liquid metals.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.
2019. 13. International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2019), Düsseldorf, Germany, March 12–14, 2019
Construction of experimental liquid-metal facilities.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Hering, W.; Jäger, W.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2019. Thermal Hydraulics Aspects of Liquid Metal Cooled Nuclear Reactors. Ed.: F. Roelofs, 107–125, Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-101980-1.00013-2
2018
Optical void measurement method for stratified wavy two phase flows.
Gabriel, S.; Schulenberg, T.; Albrecht, G.; Heiler, W.; Miassoedov, A.; Kaiser, F.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Experimental thermal and fluid science, 97, 341–350. doi:10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2018.05.001
Performance of molten sodium vs. molten salts in a packed bed thermal energy storage.
Niedermeier, K.; Marocco, L.; Flesch, J.; Mohan, G.; Coventry, J.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Applied thermal engineering, 141, 368–377. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.05.080
Experimental Nusselt Number in Rod Bundles Cooled by Heavy-Liquid Metals.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Di Piazza, I.; Tarantino, M.; Martelli, D.; Angelucci, M.
2018. 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, London, England, July 22–26, 2018. Vol.: 6B, ICONE26–82213, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). doi:10.1115/ICONE26-82213
Influence of Spacer Elements on Flow Distribution and Heat Transfer in Experimental Models of Fuel Assemblies.
Kashinsky, O.; Kulikov, D.; Kurdyumov, A.; Lezhnin, S.; Lobanov, P.; Pribaturin, N.; Svetonosov, A.; Pacio, J.; Stoppel, L.; Wetzel, T.
2018. 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, London, England, July 22–26, 2018. Vol.: 6B, ICONE26–82163, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). doi:10.1115/ICONE26-82163
Critical heat flux for flow boiling of water on micro-structured Zircaloy tube surfaces.
Haas, C.; Kaiser, F.; Schulenberg, T.; Wetzel, T.
2018. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 120, 793–806. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.077
Heat transfer experiment in a partially (internally) blocked 19-rod bundle with wire spacers cooled by LBE.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Nuclear engineering and design, 330, 225–240. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.01.034
Liquid Metals – a Promising Heat Transfer Media for CSP – Overview on KIT Research.
Weisenburger, A.; Hering, W.; Onea, A.; Pacio, J.; Schroer, C.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.; Müller, G.
2018. SolarPACES (2018), Casablanca, Morocco, October 2–5, 2018
Local blockages in a rod bundle with wire spacers: Heat transfer in LBE for the safety assessment of MYRRHA.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Advances in Thermal Hydraulics (ATH 2018) embedded in ANS 2018 Winter Meeting, Orlando, FL, November 11-15, 2018, 520–530, ANS
Local blockages in a rod bundle with wire spacers: Heat transfer in LBE for the safety assessment of MYRRHA.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Advances in Thermal Hydraulics (ATH 2018), Orlando, FL, USA, November 11–15, 2018
Liquid metal technology for high temperature heat transport and storage.
Pacio, J.; Niedermeier, K.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Power-Heat-Power : International Workshop on Carnot Batteries, Stuttgart, October 9-10, 2018
Heat transfer of liquid metal flow in a tube heated on half of the circumference - concept of a test loop.
Dietrich, B.; Laube, T.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2018. 16th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC-16), Beijing, China, August 10-15, 2018. Proceedings on USB-Stick, Paper IHTC16–24226
Heat transfer of liquid metal flow in a tube heated on half of the circumference - concept of a test loop.
Dietrich, B.; Laube, T.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2018. 16th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHCT 2018), Beijing, China, August 10–15, 2018
Investigation of the critical heat flux in a rod bundle configuration under low pressure conditions.
Kaiser, F.; Gabriel, S.; Albrecht, G.; Wetzel, T.
2018. Ideen und Innovationen für die Energie von morgen : Wissenschaftliche Beiträge des KIT zu den Jahrestagungen 2014, 2016 und 2017 des KIT-Zentrums Energie. Ed.: W. Breh, 37–41, KIT Scientific Publishing. doi:10.5445/IR/1000084911
Influence of spacer elements on flow distribution and heat transfer in experimental models of fuel assemblies.
Kashinsky, O.; Kulikov, D.; Kurdyumov, A.; Lezhnin, S.; Lobanov, P.; Pribaturin, N.; Svetonosov, A.; Pacio, J.; Stoppel, L.; Wetzel, T.
2018. 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2018), London, United Kingdom, July 22–28, 2018
Experimental Nusselt number in rod bundles cooled by heavy-liquid metals.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Di Piazza, I.; Tarantino, M.; Martelli, D.; Angelucci, M.
2018. 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2018), London, United Kingdom, July 22–28, 2018
2017
COSMOS-L Versuche am Ringspalt.
Kaiser, F.; Gipperich, N.; Wetzel, T.; Gabriel, S.; Heiler, W.; Albrecht, A.
2017. NUBEKS Projektmeeting TU-München, Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Garching (2017), Garching bei München, Germany, December 4, 2017
Optical void measurement method for stratified wavy two phase flows.
Kaiser, F.; Wetzel, T.; Gabriel, S.; Schulenberg, T.; Albrecht, G.; Heiler, W.; Miassoedov, A.
2017. 9th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Foz do Iguaçu, BR, June 11-15, 2017
Process concept and lab-scale test of CO₂-free methane cracking via liquid metal technology.
Stoppel, L.; Geißler, T.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Electrotechnologies for Material Processing : 18th International UIE-Congress, Hannover, June 6-9, 2017. Ed.: E. Baake, 411–415, Vulkan-Verlag
Process concept and lab-scale test of CO₂-free methane cracking via liquid metal technology.
Stoppel, L.; Geißler, T.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Electrotechnologies for Material Processing : 18th International UIE-Congress, Hannover, June 6-9, 2017
Development of a measurement technique for bubble detection in liquid tin.
Otte, D.; Stoppel, L.; Wondrak, T.; Wetzel, T.
2017. 18th International UIE-Congress on Electrotechnologies for Material Processing, Hannover, June 6-9, 2017
Using Lorentz forces to control the distribution of bubbles in a vertical tube filled with liquid metal.
Heitkam, S.; Tschisgale, S.; Krull, B.; Wetzel, T.; Baake, E.; Fröhlich, J.
2017. IOP conference series / Materials science and engineering, ""( (!), Art. Nr.: 012008. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/228/1/012008
Liquid metals for solar power systems.
Flesch, J.; Niedermeier, K.; Fritsch, A.; Musaeva, D.; Marocco, L.; Uhlig, R.; Baake, E.; Buck, R.; Wetzel, T.
2017. IOP conference series / Materials science and engineering, 228 (1), Art. Nr.: 012012. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/228/1/012012
Carbon dioxide free production of hydrogen.
Stoppel, L.; Fehling, T.; Geißler, T.; Baake, E.; Wetzel, T.
2017. IOP conference series / Materials science and engineering, 228 (1), Art. Nr.: 012016. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/228/1/012016
Construction of experimental liquid metal facilities (experiences at KIT).
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Hering, W.; Jäger, W.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Thermohydraulics and Chemistry of Liquid etal Cooled Reactors, April 10-14, 2017. Ed.: F. Roelofs, Von Karman Inst. for Fluid Dynamics
Thermal-hydraulic experiments supporting the MYRRHA fuel assembly.
Pacio, J.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.; Kennedy, G.; Van Tichelen, K.
2017. International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles: Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (FR17), Yekaterinburg, Russia, June 26-29, 2017. Proceedings on USB-Stick, Paper IAEA-CN245–283
Thermal-hydraulic experiments supporting the MYRRHA fuel assembly.
Pacio, J.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.; Kennedy, G.; Van Tichelen, K.
2017. International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles: Next Generation Nuclear Systems for Sustainable Development (2017), Yekaterinburg, Russia, June 26–29, 2017
Construction of experimental liquid metal facilities (experiences at KIT).
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Hering, W.; Jäger, W.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Lecture Series on Thermohydraulics and Chemistry of Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors, Sint-Genesius-Rode, B, April 10-14, 2017
Liquid Metals as Efficient High-Temperature Heat-Transport Fluids.
Heinzel, A.; Hering, W.; Konys, J.; Marocco, L.; Litfin, K.; Müller, G.; Pacio, J.; Schroer, C.; Stieglitz, R.; Stoppel, L.; Weisenburger, A.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Energy technology, 5 (7), 1026–1036. doi:10.1002/ente.201600721
Wärmeübertragung in über den halben Umfang beheizten, mit Flüssigmetall durchströmten Rohren.
Dietrich, B.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Jahrestreffen der ProcessNet Fachgruppe Wärme- und Stoffübertragung, Bruchsal, 16.-17.Februar 2017
Wärmeübertragung in über den halben Umfang beheizten, mit Flüssigmetall durchströmten Rohren.
Dietrich, B.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2017. Jahrestreffen der ProcessNet Fachgruppe Wärme- und Stoffübertragung, Bruchsal, 16.-17.Februar 2017
Numerical investigation of turbulent aided mixed convection of liquid metal flow through a concentric annulus.
Marocco, L.; Alberti di Valmontana, A.; Wetzel, T.
2017. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 105, 479–494. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.09.107
2016
Development of methane decarbonisation based on liquid metal technology for CO₂-free production of hydrogen.
Abánades, A.; Rathnam, R. K.; Geißler, T.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Müller, G.; Plevan, M.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Weisenburger, A.; Wenninger, H.; Wetzel, T.
2016. International journal of hydrogen energy, 41 (19), 8159–8167. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.11.164
Thermal-hydraulic study of the LBE-cooled fuel assembly in the MYRRHA reactor : Experiments and simulations.
Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.; Doolaard, H.; Roelofs, F.; Van Tichelen, K.
2016. Nuclear engineering and design, 312, 327–337. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.08.023
Assessment of thermal energy storage options in a sodium-based CSP plant.
Niedermeier, K.; Flesch, J.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2016. Applied thermal engineering, 107, 386–397. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.152
Hydrogen production via methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed.
Geißler, T.; Abánades, A.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Müller, G.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Weisenburger, A.; Wenninger, H.; Wetzel, T.
2016. The chemical engineering journal, 299, 192–200. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2016.04.066
Experimental activities at KALLA on heavy-liquid metal heat transfer for fast reactors.
Wetzel, T.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Pacio, J.
2016. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2016), San Francisco, CA, April 17-20, 2016
Experimental activities at KALLA on heavy-liquid metal heat transfer for fast reactors.
Wetzel, T.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Pacio, J.
2016. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2016), San Francisco, CA, April 17-20, 2016. Proceedings on CD-ROM, 1294–1303, American Nuclear Society
Thermal-hydraulic experiments at KALLA in support of ADS.
Pacio, J.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.; Knebel, J.
2016. 3rd International Workshop on Technology and Components of Accelerator-Driven Systems, Mito, J, September 6-9, 2016
Numerical analysis of a solar tower receiver tube operated with liquid metals.
Marocco, L.; Cammi, G.; Flesch, J.; Wetzel, T.
2016. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 105, 22–35. doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2016.02.002
Experimental study of heavy-liquid metal (LBE) flow and heat transfer along a hexagonal 19-rod bundle with wire spacers.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2016. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 301, 111–127. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.03.003
2015
Handbook on Lead-bismuth Eutectic Alloy and Lead Properties, Materials Compatibility, Thermal-hydraulics and Technologies - 2015 Edition.
Fazio, C.; Sobolev, V. P.; Aerts, A.; Gavrilov, S.; Lambrinou, K.; Schuurmans, P.; Gessi, A.; Agostini, P.; Ciampichetti, A.; Martinelli, L.; Gosse, S.; Balbaud-Celerier, F.; Courouau, J. L.; Terlain, A.; Li, N.; Glasbrenner, H.; Neuhausen, J.; Heinitz, S.; Zanini, L.; Dai, Y.; Jolkkonen, M.; Kurata, Y.; Obara, T.; Thiolliere, N.; Martin-Munoz, F. J.; Heinzel, A.; Weisenburger, A.; Mueller, G.; Schumacher, G.; Jianu, A.; Pacio, J.; Marocco, L.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.; Daubner, M.; Litfin, K.; Vogt, J. B.; Proriol-Serre, I.; Gorse, D.; Eckert, S.; Stefani, F.; Buchenau, D.; Wondrak, T.; Hwang, I. S.
2015. OECD/NEA
Experimental analysis of hydrogen production by methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column.
Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Abanades, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Wetzel, T.
2015. 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production (ICH2P 2015), Oshawa, Canada, May 3–6, 2015
Development of CO₂-free production of hydrogen by methane decarbonisation based on liquid metal technology.
Abanades, A.; Geissler, T.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Müller, G.; Plevan, M.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Weisenburger, A.; Wenninger, H.; Wetzel, T.
2015. 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production (ICH2P 2015), Oshawa, Canada, May 3–6, 2015
Technical feasibility and design study of methane cracking in a liquid metal.
Stoppel, L.; Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Wetzel, T.; Abanades, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.
2015. Energy, Science and Technology, Conference and Exhibition (EST 2015), Karlsruhe, Germany, May 20–22, 2015
Experimental analysis of hydrogen production by methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column.
Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Abanades, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Wetzel, T.
2015. 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production (ICH2P-2015), Oshawa, CDN, May 3-6, 2015 Proceedings, Paper ID 31
Development of CO₂-free production of hydrogen by methane decarbonisation based on liquid metal technology.
Abanades, A.; Geissler, T.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Müller, G.; Plevan, M.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Weisenburger, A.; Wenninger, H.; Wetzel, T.
2015. 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production (ICH2P-2015), Oshawa, CDN, May 3-6, 2015. Proceedings, Paper ID 37
Thermal cracking of methane in a liquid metal bubble column reactor: Experiments and kinetic analysis.
Plevan, M.; Geißler, T.; Abanades, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Wetzel, T.
2015. International journal of hydrogen energy, 40, 8020–8033. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.04.062
Experimental investigation and thermo-chemical modeling of methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed.
Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Abanades, A.; Heinzel, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.; Rubbia, C.; Salmieri, D.; Stoppel, L.; Stückrad, S.; Weisenburger, A.; Wenninger, H.; Wetzel, T.
2015. International journal of hydrogen energy, 40 (41), 14134–14146. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.08.102
Liquid metal cooled fast reactors.
Stieglitz, R.; Hering, W.; Wetzel, T.; Tromm, W.
2015. Garchinger Seminare über Reaktorsicherheit, GRS, Garching, 16.September 2015
Construction of a test facility for demonstration of a liquid lead-bismuth-cooled 10kW thermal receiver in a solar furnace arrangement - SOMMER.
Flesch, J.; Fritsch, A.; Cammi, G.; Marocco, L.; Fellmoser, F.; Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2015. Energy procedia, 69, 1259–1268. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.157
High power spallation target using a heavy liquid metal free surface flow.
Litfin, K.; Fetzer, J. R.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2015. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry, 305 (3), 795–803. doi:10.1007/s10967-015-4002-z
Technical feasibilty and design study of methane cracking in a liquid metal.
Stoppel, L.; Geißler, T.; Plevan, M.; Wetzel, T.; Abánades, A.; Mehravaran, K.; Rathnam, R. K.
2015. Energy, Science and Technology, Conference and Exhibition (EST 2015), Karlsruhe, Germany, May 20–22, 2015
Liquid metals as efficient heat transfer fluids for next generation CSP systems.
Marocco, L.; Fellmoser, F.; Flesch, J.; Niedermeier, K.; Wetzel, T.
2015. Energy, Science and Technology, Conference and Exhibition (EST 2015), Karlsruhe, Germany, May 20–22, 2015
Experimental and numerical investigation of liquid-metal free-surface flows in spallation targets.
Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.; Moreau, V.; Massidda, L.; Thomas, S.; Lakehal, D.; Angeli, D.; Losi, G.; Mooney, K. G.; Tichelen, K. V.
2015. Nuclear engineering and design, 290, 107–118. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2014.11.009
Review of data and correlations for turbulent forced convective heat transfer of liquid metals in pipes.
Pacio, J.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2015. Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung, 51 (2), 153–164. doi:10.1007/s00231-014-1392-3
2014
Experimentelle Ermittlung von kritischen Wärmestromdichten bei reaktortypischen Bedingungen als Validierungsdaten.
Wetzel, T.; Kaiser, F.; Gabriel, S.; Miassoeodov, A.
2014. Kick-off Meeting Verbundprojekt Siedekriese TU München, Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Garching (2014), Garching bei München, Germany, October 7–8, 2014
Heavy-liquid metal heat transfer experiment in a 19-rod bundle with grid spacers.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Stieglitz, R.; Taufall, S.; Wetzel, T.
2014. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 273, 33–46. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2014.02.020
Liquid metal technology for concentrated solar power systems: Contributions by the German research program.
Wetzel, T.; Pacio, J.; Marocco, L.; Weisenburger, A.; Heinzel, A.; Hering, W.; Schroer, C.; Müller, G.; Konys, J.; Stieglitz, R.; Fuchs, J.; Knebel, J.; Fazio, C.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.
2014. AIMS Energy, 2 (1), 89–98. doi:10.3934/energy.2014.1.89
Construction of a test facility for demonstration of a liquid lead-bismuth-cooled 10kW thermal receiver in a solar furnace arrangement - SOMMER.
Flesch, J.; Fritsch, A.; Cammi, G.; Marocco, L.; Fellmoser, F.; Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2014. International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems (SolarPACES 2014), Beijing, China, September 16-19, 2014
Experimental investigation of lead-bismuth-eutectic flow and heat transfer in hexagonal-lattice rod bundles with Grid spacers.
Taufall, S.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Pacio, J.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2014. International Workshop on Thermal Hydraulics of Innovative Nuclear Systems (THINS 2014), Modena, I, January 20-22, 2014
High power spallation target using a heavy liquid metal free surface flow.
Litfin, K.; Fetzer, J. R.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2014. 27th International Conference of the International Nuclear Target Development Society (INTDS-2014), Tokoy, J, August 31 - September 5, 2014
Heat transfer experiments in rod bundles cooled by lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE).
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2014. 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS 2014), Okinawa, J, December 14-18, 2014, Paper NUTHOS10–1031, American Nuclear Society
Fuel bundle heat transfer and blockage experiments.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2014. SEARCH/MAXSIMA International Workshop, Karlsruhe, October 7-10, 2014. Hrsg.: J. Pacio, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Heat transfer experiments in rod bundles cooled by lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE).
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.
2014. 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS 2014), Okinawa, J, December 14-18, 2014
Fuel bundle heat transfer and blockage experiments.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2014. SEARCH/MAXSIMA International Workshop, Karlsruhe, October 7-10, 2014
Fuel assembly heat transfer and blockage experiments.
Pacio, J.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2014. SEARCH/MAXSIMA Technical Review Meeting, Ghent, B, April 28-30, 2014
2013
Thermodynamic evaluation of liquid metals as heat transfer fluids in concentrated solar power plants.
Pacio, J.; Singer, C.; Wetzel, T.; Uhlig, R.
2013. Applied thermal engineering, 60 (1-2), 295–302. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.07.010
Critical heat flux for flow boiling of water at low pressure in vertical internally heated annuli.
Haas, C.; Schulenberg, T.; Wetzel, T.
2013. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 60, 380–391. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.12.038
Status of LBE rod bundle experiment at KIT.
Litfin, K.; Marocco, L.; Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.; KALLA Team.
2013. THINS 3rd Technical Review Meeting, Petten, NL, September 9-10, 2013
Liquid metals as heat transfer fluids in high-temperature processes with indirect thermal energy storage.
Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2013. 2nd International Conference on Materials for Energy (EnMat 2013), Karlsruhe, 12.-16. Mai 2013
Advanced high-efficiency solar central receiver systems using liquid metals as heat transfer fluids.
Pacio, J.; Wetzel, T.
2013. ASME 7th Internationl Conference on Energy Sustainability, Minneapolis, Minn., July 14-19, 2013
Kühlung thermisch hochbelasteter Oberflächen mittels flüssiger Metalle. Experimente zur Untersuchung von Wärmeübergängen an Flüssigmetalle.
Taufall, S.; Wetzel, T.; Daubner, M.
2013. Chancen der Energiewende : wissenschaftliche Beiträge des KIT zur 1. Jahrestagung des KIT-Zentrums Energie, 19.06.2012. Hrsg.: W. Breh, 137–142, KIT Scientific Publishing
Numerical and experimental hydraulic analysis of the heavy liquid metal free surface of myrrha spallation target experiment.
Batta, A.; Ltfin, K.; Fellmoser, F.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2013. THINS Cluster Workshop, Stockholm, S, February 6-7, 2013
Numerical and experimental hydraulic analysis of the heavy liquid metal free surface of myrrha spallation target experiment.
Batta, A.; Ltfin, K.; Fellmoser, F.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2013. THINS Cluster Workshop, Stockholm, S, February 6-7, 2013
2012
Critical heat flux on micro-structured zircaloy surfaces for flow boiling of water at low pressures.
Haas, C.; Miassoedov, A.; Schulenberg, T.; Wetzel, T.
2012. Internat.Congress on the Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 12), Chicago, Ill., June 24-28, 2012, 2312–2319, American Nuclear Society
Kühlung thermisch hochbelasteter Oberflächen mittels flüssiger Metalle.
Taufall, S.; Wetzel, T.; Daubner, M.
2012. Chancen der Energiewende : 1.Jahrestagung des KIT-Zentrums Energie, Karlsruhe, 19.Juni 2012
Validation of RANS models for turbulent low Prandtl number flows.
Baumann, T.; Oertel, H.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 9th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-9), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, September 9-13, 2012
Simulation of turbulent rod bundle flow at a low molecular Prandtl number.
Baumann, T.; Taufall, S.; Oertel, H.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 7th Internat.Symp.on Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer (THMT’12), Palermo, I, September 24-27, 2012
HLM fuel bundle analysis.
Batta, A.; Taufall, S.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglietz, R.; Class, A. G.; Daubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.
2012. Internat.Workshop on Innovative Nuclear Reactors Cooled by Heavy Liquid Metals: Status and Perspectives, Pisa, I, April 17-20, 2012
Validation of RANS models for turbulent low Prandtl number flows.
Baumann, T.; Oertel, H.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 9th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-9), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, September 9-13, 2012, CD-ROM
Application of liquid metals for solar energy systems.
Hering, W.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. EPJ Web of Conferences, 33, 03003/1–7. doi:10.1051/epjconf/20123303003
First results of turbulent heat transfer experiments in LBE cooled electrically heated 19-rod bundle.
Taufall, S.; Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Fellmoser, F.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2012. 9th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-9), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, September 9-13, 2012
First results of turbulent heat transfer experiments in LBE cooled electrically heated 19-rod bundle.
Taufall, S.; Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Fellmoser, F.; Daubner, M.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2012. 9th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-9), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, September 9-13, 2012, CD-ROM
Critical heat flux on micro-structured zircaloy surfaces for flow boiling of water at low pressures.
Haas, C.; Miassoedov, A.; Schulenberg, T.; Wetzel, T.
2012. Internat.Congress on the Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 12), Chicago, Ill., June 24-28, 2012
Flow distribution and turbulent heat transfer in a hexagonal rod bundle experiment.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2012. Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles : Challenges and Opportunities (FR09) ; Proc.of the Internat.Conf., Kyoto, J, December 7-11, 2009, CD-ROM, IAEA
Lead/LBE cooled reactors.
Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.; Tromm, W.; KALLA Team.
2012. Kerntechnisches Kolloquium, RWTH Aachen, 26.Juni 2012
Investigation of a heavy liquid metal free surface target experiment.
Litfin, K.; Fellmoser, F.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 20th International Conferenz on Nuclear Engineering Collocated with the ASME 2012 Power Conf., Anaheim, Calif., July 30 - August 3, 2012, DVD, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). doi:10.1115/ICONE20-POWER2012-54174
Application of liquid metals for solar energy systems.
Hering, W.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 2nd European Energy Conf., Maastricht, NL, April 17-20
Investigation of a heavy liquid metal free surface target experiment.
Litfin, K.; Fellmoser, F.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2012. 20th Internat.Conf.on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE20), Anaheim, Calif., July 30 - August 3, 2012
Liquid metal technology program in Germany.
Fazio, C.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.
2012. Internat.Workshop on Innovative Nuclear Reactors Cooled by Heavy Liquid Metals: Status and Perspectives, Pisa, I, April 17-20, 2012
2011
XT-ADS Windowless spallation target thermohydraulic design & experimental setup.
Class, A. G.; Angeli, D.; Batta, A.; Dierckx, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Moreau, V.; Roelofs, F.; Schuurmans, P.; Tichelen, K. V.; Wetzel, T.
2011. Journal of nuclear materials, 415 (3), 378–384. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.04.050
Investigation on heavy liquid metal cooling of ADS fuel pin assemblies.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2011. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415 (3), 425–432. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.04.048
Modeling the turbulent heat fluxes in low Prandtl number shear flows.
Baumann, T.; Loges, A.; Marocco, L.; Schenkel, T.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2011. 14th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermalhydraulics (NURETH-14), Toronto, CDN, September 25-30, 2011
Experimental investigation on turbulent heat transfer in liquid metal along a heated rod in a vertical annulus.
Loges, A.; Baumann, T.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2011. 14th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermalhydraulics (NURETH-14), Toronto, CDN, September 25-30, 2011
Modeling the turbulent heat fluxes in low Prandtl number shear flows.
Baumann, T.; Loges, A.; Marocco, L.; Schenkel, T.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2011. 14th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermalhydraulics (NURETH-14), Toronto, CDN, September 25-30, 2011 Proc.on CD-ROM NURETH14-486 Toronto : Canadian Nuclear Society, 2011
Experimental investigation on turbulent heat transfer in liquid metal along a heated rod in a vertical annulus.
Loges, A.; Baumann, T.; Marocco, L.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2011. 14th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermalhydraulics (NURETH-14), Toronto, CDN, September 25-30, 2011 Proc.on CD-ROM NURETH14-439 Toronto : Canadian Nuclear Society, 2011
Experimental investigation of turbulent flow distribution in a hexagonal rod bundle for ADS prototype application.
Wetzel, T.; Litfin, K.; Stieglitz, R.; Class, A. G.; Deubner, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Batta, A.
2011. Technology and Components of Accelerator-Driven Systems : Workshop Proceedings, Karlsruhe, March 15-17, 2010 Paris : OECD/NEA, 2011 (Nuclear Science), 159–169
Flüssigmetalltechnologieentwicklung.
Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.; KALLA Team.
2011. Vortr.: Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf (HZDR), 7.März 2011
Rehme correlation for spacer pressure drop compared to XT-ADS rod bundle simulations and water experiment.
Batta, A.; Class, A.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2011. Jahrestagung Kerntechnik, Berlin, 17.-19.Mai 2011 Berlin : INFORUM GmbH, 2011 CD-ROM
Rehme correlation for spacer pressure drop compared to XT-ADS rod bundle simulations and water experiment.
Batta, A.; Class, A.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2011. Jahrestagung Kerntechnik, Berlin, 17.-19.Mai 2011 Berlin : INFORUM GmbH, 2011 CD-ROM
2010
Numerical study on flow distribution and turbulent flow in XT-ADS rod bundle water experiment.
Batta, A.; Class, A.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2010. 8th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-8), Shanghai, China, October 10-14, 2010 Proc.on CD-ROM Paper N8P0232
Numerical study on flow distribution and turbulent flow in XT-ADS rod bundle water experiment.
Batta, A.; Class, A.; Litfin, K.; Wetzel, T.
2010. 8th Internat.Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-8), Shanghai, China, October 10-14, 2010 Proc.on CD-ROM Paper N8P0232
Flow distribution and turbulent heat transfer measurements in a hexagonal LBE rod bundle.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2010. Proc.of the 18th Internat.Conf.on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-18), Xi’an, China, May 17-21, 2010 CD-ROM Paper ICONE18-29411 New York, N.Y. : ASME, 2010
XT-ADS windowless spallation target thermohydraulic design and experimental setup.
Class, A. G.; Angeli, D.; Batta, A.; Dierckx, M.; Fellmoser, F.; Moreau, V.; Roelofs, F.; Schuurmans, P.; van Tichelen, K.; Wetzel, T.
2010. Internat.DEMETRA Workshop on Development and Assessment of Structural Materials and Heavy Liquid Metal Technologies for Transmutation Systems, Berlin, March 2- 4, 2010
Flow distribution and turbulent heat transfer measurements in a hexagonal LBE rod bundle.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2010. Proc.of the 18th Internat.Conf.on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-18), Xi’an, China, May 17-21, 2010 CD-ROM Paper ICONE18-29411 New York, N.Y. : ASME, 2010
Experimental and numerical investigation of water and heav liquid metal cooled rod bundles.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.
2010. Internat.DEMETRA Workshop on Development and Assessment of Structural Materials and Heavy Liquid Metal Technologies for Transmutation Systems, Berlin, March 2-4, 2010
Investigation and prevention of droplet splashing during operation of a sodium free jet flow.
Stoppel, L.; Gordeev, S.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.; Fellmoser, F.; Daubner, M.
2010. Jahrestagung Kerntechnik, Berlin, 4.-6.Mai 2010 Berlin : INFORUM GmbH, 2010 CD-ROM Paper 216
Investigation and prevention of droplet splashing during operation of a sodium free jet flow.
Stoppel, L.; Gordeev, S.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.; Fellmoser, F.; Daubner, M.
2010. Jahrestagung Kerntechnik, Berlin, 4.-6.Mai 2010 Berlin : INFORUM GmbH, 2010 CD-ROM Paper 216
2009
Flow distribution and turbulent heat transfer in a hexagonal rod bundle experiment.
Litfin, K.; Batta, A.; Class, A. G.; Wetzel, T.; Stieglitz, R.
2009. Internat.Conf.on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles : Challenges and Opportunities (FR09), Kyoto, J, December 7-11, 2009 Folien online veröffentlicht
Liquid metal technology development. Challenges and status of the experimental program for validation.
Batta, A.; Class, A.; Daubner, M.; Litfin, K.; Stieglitz, R.; Wetzel, T.; KALLA Team.
2009. Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 2009, Dresden, 12.-14.Mai 2009