Institute for Thermal Energy Technology and Safety (ITES)

Resilience of Critical Infrastructures

Technological transformations in the area of critical infrastructures, such as those emerging with the energy and mobility transition, are accompanied by an increase of digitization and interconnectivity, but also by an increase of the vulnerability potential of important supply systems (e.g. cyber-attacks).

Systemic risks in the provision of resources, as is the case in a decentralized energy system based on renewable energies (e.g. component failure, volatile feed-in), also threaten supply security.

The above-mentioned aspects together with the fact that developments and dynamics in demand

  • for energy - e.g. drastic increase in power demand due to climate change (cooling in summer) or due to the spread of new power consumers (e-mobility)
  • but also for transport capacities - e.g. due to a continuous increase of inter-urban transport demand (commercial transport),

are difficult to predict. Thus, uncertainties regarding the reliability and resilience of future supply systems are growing.

In order to support sustainability developments in the long term, security of supply must be reassessed against the background of changing boundary conditions in the context of the necessary technological transformations of critical sectors.

 

Since critical services increasingly depend on a reliable supply of electricity and information (Smart City), individual disruptions or interruptions in supply can have devastating effects on the security of supply of an urban area.

Our research investigates degrees of freedom in the design of critical infrastructures (e.g. supply networks) and in the area of robust and dynamic measure development with the aim of improving the resilience of individual infrastructures or infrastructure systems. In this context, AI-based concepts, methods and algorithms are developed for the following main topics:

  • Planning and (real-time) operation of resilient and adaptive (smart) critical infrastructures and supply networks - in particular smart energy systems, water supply and transport systems (motorways) are considered.
  • • Dynamic decision support in crisis management - here methods for the multi-criteria development of robust and coordinated measures including different critical infrastructures such as health care systems, power and water supply (urban resilience) are investigated.

Contacts

Wolfgang Raskob
KIT - Karlsruhe Institute for Technology
Institute for Themal Energy Technology and Safety (ITES)
Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1
D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
Telephone: +49 721 608 22480
Fax: +49 721 608 28452
Email: wolfgang.raskob∂kit.edu

Sadeeb Simon Ottenburger
KIT - Karlsruhe Institute for Technology
Institute for Themal Energy Technology and Safety (ITES)
Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1
D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
Telephone: +49 721 608 25507
Fax: +49 721 608 28452
Email: ottenburger∂kit.edu

 

Network:

Projects:

Courses:

Vorlesung WS2020/21

"Resilience Thinking in Urban and Regional Planning - 'sustainable' Integration of Sustainable Energy Technologies"

 

Publications


A Novel Optimization Method for Urban Resilient and Fair Power Distribution Preventing Critical Network States.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Kemal Çakmak, H.; Jakob, W.; Blattmann, A.; Trybushnyi, D.; Raskob, W.; Kühnapfel, U.; Hagenmeyer, V.
2020. International journal of critical infrastructure protection, Article no: 100354. doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2020.100354
Agent based model in risk management: several applications.
Bai, S.
2020. The Second International Symposium on Simulation and Process Modelling (ISSPM 2020), Shenyang, China, August 29–30, 2020
Simulations of COVID-19 spread by spatial agent-based model and ordinary differential equations.
Bai, S.
2020. International journal of simulation and process modeling [modelling], 15 (3), 268–277. doi:10.1504/IJSPM.2020.10029411
Agent Based Model (ABM) [in press].
Bai, S.; Raskob, W.
2019, December
Comprehensive Learning Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm With Local Search for Multimodal Functions.
Cao, Y.; Zhang, H.; Li, W.; Zhou, M.; Zhang, Y.; Chaovalitwongse, W. A.
2019. IEEE transactions on evolutionary computation, 23 (4), 718–731. doi:10.1109/TEVC.2018.2885075
Knowledge Database and Regionalization of JRODOS for the HARMONE Project.
Bai, S.; Staudt, C.; Kaiser, J. C.; Raskob, W.
2019. 4th NERIS Workshop : “Adapting nuclear and radiological emergency preparedness, response and recovery to a changing world”, Proceedings, 87–94, CERN
Integrated Risk Analysis for Safe and Resilient Operation of Dams - Early Warning System for Risk Reduction.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Mohr, S.; Daniell, J.; Kunz, M.
2019. DAMAST (Dams and Seismicity), BMBF-FONA Project - Initial Meeting (2019), Zugdidi, Georgia, October 15, 2019
Smart Urban Resilience -Smart Grids and Critical Infrastructure Protection.
Ottenburger, S. S.
2019. 1st Smart Cities Breakfast Conference (2019), Washington, DC, USA, October 3, 2019
Smart Urban Resilience - Implementing Sustainability in a Sustainable Way!.
Ottenburger, S. S.
2019. DAAD Workshop on Sustainable Urban Development in Europe and North Africa (2019), Tunis, Tunisia, November 22–24, 2019
Continuous and Urban Resilient Power Supply During Critical States.
Ottenburger, S. S.
2019. 10th Resilient Cities 2019 : Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation (2019), Bonn, June 26–28, 2019
Smart Grid Resilience: Concepts on dealing with Power Scarcity for decentralized Power Systems.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Raskob, W.
2019. Annual Report 2017-2018 of the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies. Ed.: T. Schulenberg, 57–64, KIT Scientific Publishing
Smart Space and Concrete Risks.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Ufer, U.
2019. Is this the real world? Perfect Smart Cities vs. Real Emotional Cities - Tagungsband der REAL CORP 2019 - 24. internationale Konferenz zu Stadtplanung und Regionalentwicklung in der Informationsgesellschaft, Karlsruhe, Deutschland, 2. - 4. April 2019. Ed. M. Schrenk, 63–67, Competence Center of Urban and Regional Planning (CORP)
Smart Space and Concrete Risks.
Ottenburger, S.; Ufer, U.
2019. 24th International Conference on Urban Planning and Regional Development in the Information Society (REAL CORP 2019), Karlsruhe, Germany, April 2–4, 2019
A Future-Oriented Agent-Based Simulation to Improve Urban Critical Infrastructure Resilience.
Münzberg, T.; Müller, T.; Raskob, W.
2018. Urban Disaster Resilience and Security – Addressing Risks in Societies. Ed.: A. Fekete, 261–284, Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-68606-6_16
Schutz kritischer Infrastrukturen: Kritikalität als Entscheidungsmaß zur Abwehr von Gefahre am Beispiel Stromausfall.
Münzberg, T.; Ottenburger, S. S.
2018. Was heißt Kritikalität? : Zu einem Schlüsselbegriff der Debatte um kritische Infrastrukturen. Hrsg.: J.I. Engels, 179–214, transcript Verlag
Direct and indirect vulnerability analysis framework for decentralized power systems.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Daniell, J.
2018. International Conference on ’Natural Hazards and Risks in a Changing World’, Potsdam, October 4-5, 2018
Exposure and vulnerability of the energy system to internal and external effects.
Wiens, M.; Raskob, W.; Diehlmann, F.; Wandler, S.; Schultmann, F.
2018. Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem. Ed. by Christian Büscher, Jens Schippl, Patrick Sumpf., 96–122, Routledge
Smart Grid resilience - security of supply 2.0.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Cakmak, H. K.; Jakob, W.; Blattmann, A.; Deines, E.; Trybushnyi, D.; Raskob, W.; Hagenmeyer, V.
2018. 7. Jahrestagung des KIT-Zentrums Energie (2018), Karlsruhe, Germany, June 26, 2018
Smart Grid Topologies Paving the Way for an Urban Resilient Continuity Management.
Ottenburger, S. S.; Münzberg, T.; Strittmatter, M.
2017. International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 9 (4), 1–22. doi:10.4018/IJISCRAM.2017100101
Enhancing urban resilience via a real-time decision support system for smart cities.
Ottenburger, S.; Airaksinen, M.; Pinto-Seppä, I.; Raskob, W.
2017. 2017 International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC), Madeira Island, Portugal, 27–29 June 2017, 836–844, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi:10.1109/ICE.2017.8279970
Enhancing urban resilience via a real-time decision support system for smart cities.
Ottenburger, S.; Airaksinen, M.; Pinto-Seppa, I.; Raskob, W.
2017. 23rd ICE/IEEE International Technology Management Conference, Funchal, P, June 27-29, 2017
An approach for analyzing the impacts of smart grid topologies on critical infrastructure resilience.
Ottenburger, S.; Münzberg, T.
2017. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2017). Agility is Coming. Albi, F, May 21-24, 2017. Ed.: T. Comes, 400–411, ISCRAM
An approach for analyzing the impacts of smart grid topologies on critical infrastructure resilience.
Ottenburger, S.; Münzberg, T.
2017. 14th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2017), Albi, F, May 21-24, 2017
A spatial-temporal vulnerability assessment to support the building of community resilience against power outage impacts.
Münzberg, T.; Wiens, M.; Schultmann, F.
2017. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 121, 99–118. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2016.11.027
OPERRA-HARMONE: Harmonising Modelling Strategies of European Decision Support Systems for Nuclear Emergencies.
Bai, S.; Boyer, P.; Brown, I.; Camps, J.; Charnock, T.; Didier, D.; Fiengo, F.; Garcia-Sanchez, L.; Gonze, M. A.; Groell, J.; Guibe, C.; Hürkamp, K.; Isnard, O.; Kaiser, J., C.; Mourlon, C.; Nicoulaud-Gouin, V.; Nisbet, A.; Raskob, W.; Simon Cornu, M.; Staudt, C.; Stonell, K.; Sweeck, L.; Tschiersch, J.; Vives, I.; Batlle, J.; Watson, S.; Zheleznyak, M.
2016. Helmholtz Zentrum München
Stromausfall: Schutzziele und Referenzszenarios für kritische Infrastrukturen in der kommunalen Gefahrenabwehrplanung.
Münzberg, T.; Wiens, M.; Raskob, W.; Schultmann, F.
2015. Gemeinsames Treffen des Arbeitskreises Naturgefahren/-risiken der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geographie und des Katastrophennetzes KatNET e.V., Berlin, 29.-30.September 2015